Applying for a job as a QA tester is one thing. Being shortlisted for an interview is another. Successfully going through the interview is a vital process. Potential candidates are excited when shortlisted. However, quality assurance interviews require candidates to be competent and well-informed. An individual who has experience in testing and knowledge in both practical and theoretical part of Quality Assurance testing has great chances. The quality control testing interview questions are mainly based on specific QA keywords. Examples include quality assurance tools, competencies, and knowledge. Below are Top 5 QA Job Interview Questions & Best Answers for them.
Question 1: What is Testware?
Testware is a subset of software. It helps testers to test the performance of applications. It plans, designs and executes tests during testing processes and procedures. Some of the features of Testware include inputs, scripts, and documents. Others are expected results, utilities and additional software necessary in testing.
Testware can also be defined as a combination of application software and utilities. These apps and utilities are vital in testing an individual software package. Testware is unique since it can be used for different purposes. Its various metrics enhance quality in testing. Its ability to accommodate different users makes testing easy.
Question 2: What is the difference between Quality Assurance (QA), Quality Control (QC) and Software Testing?
Software Testing is a process examining whether the product developed by a developer meets the quality standards. The primary intention of doing software testing is to locate the bugs to fix them.
Quality Assurance (QA) on the hand refers to a systematic way that involves monitoring processes. The processes participate in producing quality products. It tracks the outputs and goes ahead to adjust the operations to meet the desired outcomes.
Finally, Quality Control (QC) is a testing technique that concerns itself with the quality of the product in manufacturing. As a testing tool, it finds defects on products. After finding faults, it offers suggestions on how to eliminate them. It falls under the responsibilities of a tester.
Question 3: In your own words, explain a bug life cycle.
Bug Life Cycle is also referred to as Defect life cycle. It is a software testing cycle where a bug or defect goes through its lifetime. It consists of several stages:
(i) A tester finds a bug. He or she assigns it with either Open or New status.
(ii) The found bug is then assigned to a particular development project coordinator. He or she analyzes the nature of the bug. The manager will determine whether the bug is valid or not. If the defect is not valid, then the project coordinator will reject the bug with the status “Rejected.”
(iii) When it is not, the next step is to check whether the scope of the defect is checked. In the case the defect is not part of the current release, then that defect is postponed.
(iv) In this stage, the tester evaluates whether a defect similar to the current one had earlier been discovered. If yes, the bug is assigned with a “Duplicate” status.
(v) The bug is now assigned to a developer. It is assigned with a status “In Progress.”
(vi) After fixing the code, the bug is assigned with a status “Fixed.”
(vii) Last but not least, the tester re-tests the code. If the code passes to what we refer to as test case, the bug is “Closed.” If the test case fails, the defect is re-opened. Once again, it is assigned to the developer until it passes test case.
Question 4: What is the role of QA testers in a project development?
The Quality Assurance testers are the essential players in testing. They assure quality by monitoring the entire development process. By monitoring, they track the outcomes of the testing process and goes ahead to adjust the process. This when the process is not in line with the intended purpose. Besides the monitoring role, QAs are responsible for overall planning and execution of the process. They also create a timetable and enter into agreements regarding the Quality Assurance plan relating to an individual product. Regarding tracking of test cases, it is one of the roles of testers. The manager or officer in charge may assign other functions to testers.
Question 5: Why use automated testing over manual testing? What are the benefits of Automated Testing?
This question has two sections.
- (i) Why use automated testing over manual testing.
- (ii) The benefits of automated testing.
Automated testing run much faster as compared to manual testing and therefore it is time-saving. Automated testing allows for the exploitation of the automation tool, unlike the manual testing. The re-usability of the automation script is possible with the application of automated testing. There is also frequency in use of the test case in automated testing alongside adaptability of it. The manual testing is not suitable for comparison and for future reference due to extensive manual records to be evaluated.
Automated testing has many benefits. Some of these advantages include increased effectiveness of tests and testing consistency. The re-usability of tests and the reduction of test intervals are recommendable benefits of automated testing. Other benefits include test engineer productivity, reduced maintenance costs and coverage of regression (etc).
Questions for quality analyst interview are experience related. They are frequently asked, but in many scenarios, come as open questions. This means that one does not have to source for accurate answers regarding their experiences. All you need is to show and explain how you have been using various strategies in QA testing. Describe how skills and knowledge in data analysis, mobile apps and software have helped you to make sound decisions in process and quality improvement. Point out particular problems encountered such defects in the process. Also, explain how you ended up providing a lasting solution based on the faced challenges. Talk about recommendations from the previous employers for the good work you have done. Your personal life is not necessary for this question. Concentrate on skills, knowledge, expertise, achievements aptitude and past appraisals. Consider reviewing interview questions quality manager. If possible, approach experienced testers who have been interviewed before. Seek for advice from them.
Jeremy Raynolds is a blogger and freelance writer for Edubirdie whose lifestyle credo is “Put your heart, mind, and soul into even your smallest acts. This is the secret of success. “